Master 2

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  • Semester 3

    6 UE (5 ECTS per UE)

     +

    TER (10 ECTS)

  • Semester 4

    Internship

    +

    Fictive Project

    +

    1 UE Methodology

    +

    Journal Club / Workshop


This planning is only informative : its goal is better organisation and understanding of the M2 steps.

 Some information might only be sent by the managers one week before the event. Do not worry if all the information is not displayed with several months of advance.
 Please follow the official rules. If it does not seem logical, please discuss it, keep calm and ask for confirmation.

  • Semester 3

     Application : from April of the year before to the end of June (please refer to the ‘Administrative Procedures‘ page)

    Administrative Inscription : July and September (please refer to the ‘Administrative Procedures‘ page)

    Opening meeting : mid-September

    Beginning of the classes : depends on the chosen UE (each UE has a specific planning and starting dates are displayed on the website of the Master ‘Biology and Health’)

     Pedagogic Inscription : end of September – beginning of October (pleasr refer to the ‘Administrative Procedures‘ page)

    Internship lists displayed on the website : beginning of October

    Holidays : 1 week at the end of October

     Internship choice : before the end of November, then contact with the internship supervisor for the pedagogic validation (for each student, supervisor and internship tutor)

    Internship convention : as soon as the internship is accepted at the pedagogic level (please refer to the ‘Administrative Procedures‘)

    Planning of the finals : first half of December

    Christmas break : 2 weeks at the end of December

    Handout of the TER report : beginning of January (interface + email)

    First session of S1 finals : first half of January

    Oral presentation of the TER : end of January

  • Semester 4

    Possible start of the internships : end of January

     Planning of the presentations of fictive projects : end of February

    Application to the Doctoral School CBS2 : beginning of March

    Second session of S1 finals : end of March

    Handout of the Fictive Project Report : end of March (interface + email)

     Presentation of the Fictive Project : end of March – beginning of April

    First session of S2 finals : first half of May

    Handout of the Internship Report : end of May (interface + email)

     Presentation of the Internship : beginning of June

    Second session of S2 finals : end of June

    Final deliberation of the plenary Jury : end of June


Conditions

 Minimal length of the internship : 4 months (80 days) (remuneration is mandatory).

Possible extension of the internship to 6 months (120 days) (remuneration is mandatory)

 Possible start of the internship by the end of January

Be careful to the planification given to the fictive project, the journal club, etc.


Procedure

 Inscription on the website dedicated to the internships (please refer to the website of the Master ‘Biology and Health’)

 3 ways to research :

By the website : directly contact the desired supervisors and, after agreement, ask for the validation of the attribution of the internship on the dedicated website.

Free, in Montpellier : directly contact the desired supervisors and, after agreement, ask for the inscription on the internship dedicated website (please refer to the website of the Master ‘Biology and Health’) then the validation (using a link sent to the supervisor by mail) of the attribution of the internship on the dedicated website.

Free, out of Montpellier (France and worldwide) : inform the pedagogic manager (Agnes Fichard) and the International Relations for the administrative procedures (please check the ‘Administrative Offices’ tab on the page ‘Teaching and Research‘), then follow the same procedure as for free internship research in Montpellier.

Pedagogic validation then establishment of the internship convention (please refer to the ‘Administrative Procedures‘ page)


To realize the TER, the student writes a research project corresponding to the semester 4 internship.

The examination is divided in 2 parts :

a written part (report of about 10 pages)

a 20-min oral part (10 min presentation + 10 min questions) in front of a jury of 8 to 10 people, including 1 rapporteur who will have read your written report.

Goals and Evaluation of the TER

  • Pedagogic goals of the internship:

    Understanding the approach of the research project and argumentating it (please don’t say “someone told me to do it”)

    Mastering of the literature, interest of the experiments, of the controls, of possible alternatives…

  • Evaluation on:

    Your implication in the internship project (curiosity, bibliographic research…)

    The scientific quality of your project (originality, relevance for the research topic…)

    The general presentation of your project (redaction of the different parts, evaluation of the pros and cons…)


General Advice about the TER

This UE from Semester 3 counts for ⅓ of your grade (10 ECTS) and constitutes a major preparation step for the good execution of your second semester internship.

 It is crucial to make contact as soon as possible with your research group in order to plan as soon as possible the meetings to prepare your internship project.

Keep track of the literature informations which will be useful later (internship report, etc…)

During your everyday life at the lab, the research, questions and initiatives you take should allow you to get a better understanding of the approach of the project, the theoretical aspects of the techniques, to argumentate in favor of the interest of your experiments (please don’t say again “someone told me to do it”), of your controls, and about the weaknesses and eventual alternatives of your project.


Instruction for the TER Report

Cover Page + Abstract Page + 10 Pages

.

 Plan (writing on two columns takes less space) :

Page 1

  Cover page :

LAST NAME, First name, title of the project, last name/first name of the supervisor, name of the institute

Do not forget the logos of both the institute and the supporting public authorities, possible addition of the year, the mention and the name of the specialisation for instance.

Page 2

 Abstract : limited to 500 words

It is advised to write it last so you can have the greatest hindsight from your topic.

Pages 3 to 12 (10 pages, single spaced, Times 12)

 Introduction  : limited to 1300 words

You have to stay quite general on this part. The goal is to introduce the global context and bring the problematic of your project (explain why this problematic is important).

. Scientific rationale and goals : limited to 400 words

The goal is to shortly introduce the core question of your project, and clearly identify its goals. Do not hesitate to insert a paragraph break each time to introduce a new goal, or write “goal 1”, “goal 2″…

. Meaning, importance and originality for the research domain : limited to 400 words

The aim of this part is to “sell” your project and unveil all its originality for its research field. You have to use strong key-words to put it forward. You can inspire from funding applications from your team.

. Description of the project and experimental methods : limited to 2000 words

This part has to be clearly structured, with titles and subtitles to really differenciate all of your experiments and try to reach your project goals. Give detail about weaknesses and possible alternatives of your experiments. Understand the methods and procedures (be able to explain it on a technical, theoretical aspect – check the “material and methods” part of publications).

. Preliminary results of the laboratory, demonstrating feasibility of the project : limited to 200 words

The role of this part is having you discuss about first obtained results to illustrate your project and demonstrate its feasibility. Do not hesitate to show graphs and illustrations.

. Tools and justification of the budget of the project : limited to 400 words

The goal of this part is making you realise the cost of your internship. You have to generally evaluate your internship and show that you have access to all the tool required for the good progress of the internship. The best is to make a chart, or split it in several parts (imaging, reagents…). Do not forget to add your salary to the calculation. You can refer to fundind applications of your team. Some tools, as an example: savoir-faire, platforms, reputation of the institute, personnel, advices…

. Bibliography : limited to 40 references

Do not hesitate to use tools like Zotero, Roundcube, EndNote…

.

.

.


Instruction for the TER Oral Presentation

.Unfolding of the oral

 Jury of 8 to 10 people, including 1 rapporteur who will have read your written report.

Scientific presentations will be evaluated by an expert commitee, who will take into account : scientific relevance of the presentation, clarity of the choices; clarity of the messages and capacity of persuasion; general quality of the presentation; respect of the time limits; quality of the iconography; quality of the comments related to the projections; quality of the answers of the questions of the jury.

 10 min of presentation in French or English + 10 min of discussion

Advices for preparation

 Format :

Available tools  : Video projector, PC, PowerPoint

Bring an USB key with the presentation in .ppt (and .pdf in backup), and your personal computer in case of non-classical presentation

Mastering of the project and the techniques used during the internship (pros and cons)

Keep an open mind on your project: if you talk about a protein, you should know some general info about it for example.

You need to perfectly master your literature and the techniques you are going to use during your internship (pros/cons…).

It is also important to have thought about alternative methods in case yours doesn’t work. The jury will certainly test your adaptability to your project. Why this method, how do these reagents work and what is their use? What is the final goal of it?

Expected results, necessary control experiments

Long-term perspectives

Clear slides including figures to illustrate your talk

Avoir long sentences and overfilled slides

You have to guide the listener (make it easy for him to follow) : good iconography, figures, popularization, easy-to-follow plan, good structuration of your presentation (the problematic is visible), explain the utility of each experiment, summarize…

Explain clearly the problematic, the goals and structure the presentation

Popularize, explain the interest of each experiment

Do not hesitate to rehearse your talk several times if necessary in front of your team, friends and ask yourself as many questions as possible.

 10 min of discussion : 

 Questions on all aspects (seen at the uni or not)

Example of some questions : procedure, expected results, perspectives, alternative ideas, controls…


According to your university course, you will be informed in due time.

Use this formal exercice to improve your oral presentation skills and your analysis methods, preparation skills…


The Methodology UE is mandatory. The grade counts for 15% of the global internship grade.

The duration of the written examination of these UE is 1 hour (anonymous papers, double check)

Students having their internship abroad are compelled to take an equivalent UE, among the UE of the university where they will realize their internship. The internship supervisor has to send a mail indicating the name of this UE, and the grade which was obtained.

Practical information about calendar and content of each UE will be annonced in due time on the Master ‘Biology and Health’ website.


The student has to suggest, under written and oral form, an original and feasible research project, without relation with the content of his/her internship, in front of a jury.

The examination is splitted in 2 parts :

a written part (about 5 pages of report)

a 20-min oral part (10 min of presentation + 10 min of questions) in front of a 8 to 10 people jury, including 1 rapporteur who will have read your written report.

Goals and Evaluation of the Fictive Project

The goal is to highlight your personal research aptitudes through 3 main points that you have to get in mind as soon as possible, to orientate your research procedure.

« Originality, Open mindstate, Curiosity, Creativity » : a lot of research and patience often lead to few results

Look for this criterions in various information sources : News and Buzz in scientific reviews (Nature, Science, Scientific American, La Recherche, Magazine et Santé…), Popularization press (Sciences et Vie, New Scientist… Le Monde… New York Times, The Guardian…), TV, Radio, TED Talks, Blogs, Social Networks, PubMED,…

 « Rigour, Critical sense » : concept and experiment mastering (very important for the oral)

Please insure during your research that you will keep track of the information which will allow you to master the approaches, know the technical limitations

« Concrete meaning and Feasibility » : Talk to people, submit your ideas (sometimes an idea which look bright on your side may be bad, seen under another angle)

At any moment, think, discuss and think about control experiments, alternatives, perspectives, adequation of the technologies, difficulty of production, availability of the equipment, existence and quality of the reagents, prices, feasibility on 3 years


General Advice on the Fictive Project

This UE from Semester 4 counts for ⅓ of your grade (10ECTS) and constitutes an important evaluation in your file.

The reflexion step is long and hard, so you need to start it as soon as possible to get enough time to choose a topic and get a view as general as possible when you start writing. So, quickly start literature studies and keep track of the infos that you will need later (report, presentation…)

While looking for your topic, you will need to follow 3 main goals which constitute a whole and allow an equilibrium between originality and feasibility :

Identify a non-explored topic but avoid the “common originality” (these are “trendy” research topics that are overly explored because of being “new”)

Get a relevant biological question : choose the question instead of the method

Deepen the topic and look for an interesting addition : choose particular model, approaches or methodologies


Guidelines for the Fictive Project Report

Cover Page + Abstract Pages + 5 Pages + 3 Additional Figures

.

 Plan (writing on two columns takes less space) :

Page 1

  Cover page :

LAST NAME, First name, title of the project, last name/first name of the supervisor, name of the institute

Do not forget the logos of both the institute and the supporting public authorities, possible addition of the year, the mention and the name of the specialisation for instance.

Page 2

 Abstract : limited to 500 words

It is advised to write it last so you can have the greatest hindsight from your topic.

Pages 3 to 7 (5 pages, single spaced, Times 12) + 3 Additional Figures

 Introduction  : limited to 400 words

You have to stay quite general on this part. The goal is to introduce the global context and bring the problematic of your project (explain why this problematic is important).

. Scientific rationale and goals : limited to 400 words

The goal is to shortly introduce the core question of your project, and clearly identify its goals. Do not hesitate to insert a paragraph break each time to introduce a new goal, or write “goal 1”, “goal 2″…

. Meaning, importance and originality for the research domain : limited to 400 words

The aim of this part is to “sell” your project and unveil all its originality for its research field. You have to use strong key-words (powerful transdisciplinary approach / innovative tools / state-of-the-art / new generation / major improvement…) to put it forward. You can inspire from funding applications from your team. Highlight the useful technique, potential perspectives, interest and originality.

. Description of the project and experimental methods : limited to 1000 words

This part has to be clearly structured, with titles and subtitles to really differenciate all of your experiments and try to reach your project goals. Give detail about weaknesses and possible alternatives of your experiments. Understand the methods and procedures (be able to explain it on a technical, theoretical aspect – check the “material and methods” part of publications).

. Tools and justification of the budget of the project : limited to 200 words

The goal of this part is making you realise the cost of your internship. You have to generally evaluate your internship and show that you have access to all the tool required for the good progress of the internship. The best is to make a chart, or split it in several parts (imaging, reagents…). Do not forget to add your salary to the calculation. You can refer to fundind applications of your team. Some tools, as an example: savoir-faire, platforms, reputation of the institute, personnel, advices…

. Bibliography : limited to 40 references

Do not hesitate to use tools like Zotero, Roundcube, EndNote…

. 3 Additional Figures


Guidelines for the Oral Presentation of the Fictive Project

.Unfolding of the oral

 Jury of 8 to 10 people, including 1 rapporteur who would have read your written report.

Scientific presentations will be evaluated by a jury of experts who will take into account : scientific relevance of the presentation, clarity of the choices; clarity of the messages and capacity of conviction ; general quality of the presentation ; respect of the time limits ; quality of the iconography ; quality of the comments related to the projections ; quality of the answers to the questions.

 10 min of presentation in French or in English + 10 min of discussion

Advices for preparation

 Format :

Available tools  : Video projector, PC, PowerPoint

Bring an USB key with the presentation in .ppt (and .pdf in backup), and your personal computer in case of non-classical presentation

Mastering of the project and the techniques used during the internship (pros and cons)

Keep an open mind on your project: if you talk about a protein, you should know some general info about it for example.

You need to perfectly master your literature and the techniques you are going to use during your internship (pros/cons…).

It is also important to have thought about alternative methods in case yours doesn’t work. The jury will certainly test your adaptability to your project. Why this method, how do these reagents work and what is their use? What is the final goal of it?

Expected results, necessary control experiments

Long-term perspectives

Clear slides including figures to illustrate your talk

Avoir long sentences and overfilled slides

You have to guide the listener (make it easy for him to follow) : good iconography, figures, popularization, easy-to-follow plan, good structuration of your presentation (the problematic is visible), explain the utility of each experiment, summarize…

Explain clearly the problematic, the goals and structure the presentation

Popularize, explain the interest of each experiment

Do not hesitate to rehearse your talk several times if necessary in front of your team, friends and ask yourself as many questions as possible.

 10 min of discussion : 

 Questions on all aspects (seen at the uni or not)

Example of some questions: procedure, expected results, perspectives, alternative ideas, controls…


The examination is splitted in 2 parts :

an oral part (report of about 10 pages)

a 20-min oral part (10 min of presentation + 10 min of questions) in front of a jury of 8 to 10 people, including 1 rapporteur who would have read your written report.

General Advices for the Internship

This UE from Semester 4 counts for ½ of your grade (15ECTS).

If the TER went well and if the internship has not been reoriented too much, the TER written report can be a good starting point for your internship report.

Information from the literature that you kept from the TER will also be useful.


Guidelines for the Internship Report

Cover Page + Abstract Page + 5 Pages + 4 Appendix Pages for 3 Figures with captions

.

 Plan (writing on two columns takes less space):

Page 1

  Cover page:

LAST NAME, First name, title of the project, last name/first name of the supervisor, name of the institute

Do not forget the logos of both the institute and the supporting public authorities, possible addition of the year, the mention and the name of the specialisation for instance.

Page 2

 Abstract: limited to 500 words

It is advised to write it last so you can have the greatest hindsight from your topic.

Pages 3 to 7 (5 pages, single spaced, Times 12)

 Introduction:

You have to stay quite general on this part. The goal is to introduce the global context and bring the problematic of your project (explain why this problematic is important). You have to reduce the space you gave to it in the TER and concisely include the two following points : ‘Scientific rationale and goals’ and ‘Meaning, importance and originality for the research domain’.

. Scientific rationale and goals :

The goal is to shortly introduce the core question of your project, and clearly identify its goals. Do not hesitate to insert a paragraph break each time to introduce a new goal, or write “goal 1”, “goal 2″…

. Meaning, importance and originality for the research domain:

The aim of this part is to “sell” your project and unveil all its originality for its research field. You have to use strong key-words (powerful transdisciplinary approach / innovative tools / state-of-the-art / new generation / major improvement…) to put it forward. You can inspire from funding applications from your team. Highlight the useful technique, potential perspectives, interest and originality.

Results, including figures:

You have to insert figures in the text, but you can add up to 3 additional figures in appendix with their captions (the max. 4 pages containing these figures won’t be counted with the 5 others).

You have to clearly structure this part to really differenciate each of your goals and experiments, to try to answer to your goals. Insert your results, the associated discussions. Don’t forget the controls, weaknesses and alternatives.

. Experimental procedures:

Understand the procedures and methods (be able to explain on a technical theoretical point of the view, not practical – help yourself with the methods in articles)

 Bibliography : limited to 40 references

Do not hesitate to use tools like Zotero, Roundcube, EndNote…

4 Appendix Pages

. 3 Appendix Figures with captions

.


Guidelines for the Oral Presentation of the Internship

.Unfolding of the oral

 Jury of 8 to 10 people, including 1 rapporteur who would have read your written report.

Scientific presentations will be evaluated by a jury of experts who will take into account : scientific relevance of the presentation, clarity of the choices; clarity of the messages and capacity of conviction ; general quality of the presentation ; respect of the time limits ; quality of the iconography ; quality of the comments related to the projections ; quality of the answers to the questions.

 10 min of presentation in French or in English + 10 min of discussion

Advices for preparation

 Format :

Available tools  : Video projector, PC, PowerPoint

Bring an USB key with the presentation in .ppt (and .pdf in backup), and your personal computer in case of non-classical presentation

Mastering of the project and the techniques used during the internship (pros and cons)

Keep an open mind on your project: if you talk about a protein, you should know some general info about it for example.

You need to perfectly master your literature and the techniques you are going to use during your internship (pros/cons…).

It is also important to have thought about alternative methods in case yours doesn’t work. The jury will certainly test your adaptability to your project. Why this method, how do these reagents work and what is their use? What is the final goal of it?

Expected results, necessary control experiments

Long-term perspectives

Clear slides including figures to illustrate your talk

Avoir long sentences and overfilled slides

You have to guide the listener (make it easy for him to follow) : good iconography, figures, popularization, easy-to-follow plan, good structuration of your presentation (the problematic is visible), explain the utility of each experiment, summarize…

Explain clearly the problematic, the goals and structure the presentation

Popularize, explain the interest of each experiment

Do not hesitate to rehearse your talk several times if necessary in front of your team, friends and ask yourself as many questions as possible.

 10 min of discussion : 

 Questions on all aspects (seen at the uni or not)

Example of some questions: procedure, expected results, perspectives, alternative ideas, controls…

 

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